Around the toe of Italy’s boot lies a coastline marked with clear waters, craggy cliff sides, sandy coves, and stones worn smooth by the waves. High above it all, the town of Squillace perches on a towering hillside, with a distant view toward the ocean. To walk the narrow streets of Squillace today, you would never guess that this off-the-beaten-track town of descending alleyways, unpretentious restaurants, and artisan studios boasts one of the most enduring legacies of ceramics production in all of Italy.
With its unparalleled vista over the countryside and the sea, Squillace made a natural strategic choice for the ever-changing powers of ancient Greek, Byzantine, and Norman rulers who sought to dominate Italy’s southern coast. In those centuries, the sea posed more of a threat than an opportunity. At the same time that the town’s rulers concerned themselves with matters of defense from potential invaders, the town’s artisans turned their attention to a local tradition that has stood the test of millennia: decorated ceramics.
Thanks to local archeological finds, we know that ceramicists were at work at least as far back as the time when Squillace was a Greek colony called Scylletium. At that time, potters crafted utilitarian plates, bowls, and pots for local use, as well as large terracotta jars for transporting oil and wine in great merchant ships across the Mediterranean. The Romans, who called the town Scolacium, continued the ceramics tradition. Along with other southern ceramics-making families in the town of Grottaglie, in Puglia, Squillace’s artisans had already made a name for themselves over the course of the Middle Ages. By the 1500s, ceramics rivaled agriculture as Squillace’s major industry.
Graffito: A Special Technique
Squillace’s artisans became known for decorating ceramic wares with graffito, an impressive incised effect. By the Renaissance, Squillace was already known for the technique, which may have been practiced already for centuries by that time. Graffito ware from Squillace made its way into the collections of noble families across the Mediterranean.
The graffito technique involves scratching an intricate design into the clay with a sharp tool after a whitish glaze has been applied, a process called ingobbio. When the piece is fired, the incised design makes a stunning contrast of white against the warm, ruddy color of the fired earth. The result: intricate floral and animal decoration, with rich compositions of decorative elements.
Other things to do in Squillace
Ceramics are just the beginning in Squillace. Here are a few other local wonders to explore:
- A fortified Norman castle dating from the eleventh century marks the highest point of Squillace. At that time, the town was an important political and religious center for the Normans, who were trying to retain the colonial power of the Ionian coast, the so-called Gulf of Squillace. It’s worth the visit for the breathtaking views across the countryside and all the way to the sea.
- Sample the town’s restaurants and markets for uniquely Calabrian culinary specialties. Keep your eyes out for ciambotta (an eggplant condiment), licorice (rigulizza in the calabrese dialect), ‘nduja (a type of spreadable sausage), and the teardrop-shaped caciocavallo
- English isn’t widely spoken in the same way it is in more heavily trafficked Italian destinations; if you speak Italian, you’ll be able to get around just fine in Squillace and its region. However, keep your ears open for the distinctive calabrese dialect (recognizing that there are important distinction even within Calabria itself). You will also hear variations of Sicilian dialect.